The Role of Religion and Spirituality
In its broadest sense, religion is an institution that focuses on a supreme being or eternal principle. A religion may be external to the person who practices it, or it may be internal to the person. Spirituality begins from within, and moves outward through self-transcendence, relationship to others, and a relationship with something beyond the known world.
Religious participation varies among people from all walks of life. Some are religious but not religious, and many have ambivalent views. Religious groups tend to be more ambivalent than non-religious groups. Practicing Christians are more likely to hold ambivalent views about religion than non-religious groups. But it’s important to understand that being religious doesn’t mean you have to follow a particular religion.
In addition to providing social support, religion also gives individuals a sense of purpose. A person may be able to find meaning in their lives, and they may develop a moral code. The role of religion in a society depends on the way it is explained and practised. Durkheim focused on the role of institutions in social integration, but we can also consider the role of culture on how people express their spirituality.
Organized religions have long histories and are deeply rooted in rituals, creed, and doctrine. These practices and doctrines have influenced the lives of countless people. They have helped society feel safe and orderly during uncertain times. Furthermore, they provided guidance to those who are lacking faith or moral principles.