Law is an umbrella term for the rules that govern people and their social relations. These rules are enforceable by governmental and social institutions. There are three main types of law. The first is civil law, which includes judicial decisions, legislative statutes, and ordinances. Secondly, there is criminal law. Lastly, there is tax law.
In some countries, a Bachelor of Laws degree is a required qualification to become a lawyer. Others offer a Juris Doctor degree. A PhD in law is also awarded.
An example of the type of laws that can be drafted is antitrust law. This type of law regulates businesses that distort market prices. Historically, it traces back to English restraint of trade doctrine.
Another type of law is Islamic Sharia, which is a religious law. It is based on precepts of the Quran. Through interpretation and reasoning by analogy, the Quran acts as a source of further law.
Law also has a legal basis in the concept of “natural law,” which grew out of ancient Greek philosophy. The concept was re-established in mainstream culture through the writings of Thomas Aquinas.
As a result of this concept, there is a great deal of morality in law. Nonetheless, the law is a system of rules that must be obeyed.
Some examples of common legal issues include debts, housing, consumer rights, immigration, and family problems. For more information, visit a government website.
Courts play an important role in maintaining the rule of law. They serve as neutrals who deliver justice. During a case, the court may hear both sides of a controversy.