Law is a set of rules enforced by social institutions. It forms the basis of politics, economics, and history. Typically, law is overseen by government.
Legal systems can be classified into three types: common law, civil law, and mixed law. Civil law is a system of law that uses less detail in its judicial decisions.
Common law, on the other hand, is a judicial system that is explicit about the existence of the concept of law. However, this system is also quite rigid.
One of the most obvious examples of judicial misconduct is the violation of criminal laws. Other violations include using the judicial position to benefit one’s private interests, sexual misconduct with lawyers or staff, and joining discriminatory organizations.
In a legal system, the judiciary is built on the foundation of a public faith. This is reflected in the doctrine of precedent. When a decision made by a higher court binds future decisions of lower courts, it is known as a “precedent”.
Election law deals with issues such as voter registration, voting machines, and electoral silence. Election law is a subdiscipline of constitutional law.
The term “law” has been variously defined as science, morality, and an art. According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, law is a set of moral laws of nature. Similarly, Max Weber posited that the legal system is based on a sociological framework.
Law is a complex subject. Unlike most scientific disciplines, the practice of law is typically supervised by the government. Therefore, the qualifications required for lawyers are high. Modern lawyers need a Bachelor of Laws or a Juris Doctor degree.