Law is the system of rules that a society or government develops in order to deal with crime, business agreements and social relationships. It can also refer to the people who work in this system, for example lawyers and judges.
A right is a power over another person that allows a third party to take action in the name of that person. It is often grounded in other legal norms, although it may also be justified by some general rule that applies to all people or groups of people.
The validity of a right depends on whether the law recognizes it, which is why it is often justified by some other rule that reflects other legal norms (MacCormick 1977: 189; Raz 1994: 258-263).
Law and justice
The practice of law involves advising people about their rights and representing them in court to secure those rights. It is a highly professional field and can be lucrative for those who have the skills to do it well.
Lawyers typically obtain a specific professional identity through specified legal procedures, achieving distinction through such things as being admitted to the bar and obtaining a degree in law. They are often required to undergo special education (a law school qualification or a Bar Professional Training Course) and to be regulated by a regulatory body such as the Law Society.
Civil laws are codified, standardized sets of legal statutes that clarify the cases that can be brought to court and the methods of handling them. They are generally updated regularly and help to create order in the legal system, reducing biases that occur when laws are applied differently from case to case.