Generally speaking, news refers to information that is published or broadcast. It can also be defined as information that is reported and evaluated by journalists.
It is important to remember that news is only relevant if there are events happening in the present. For example, if a peasant farmer says that he has just lost his farm to a group of developers, this is not news. However, if the same event affects a cow and a pig, then it would be considered news.
Different societies have different values regarding news. For instance, a crime that causes an unusual amount of death is considered news. This is because it has a greater impact on the reader.
Similarly, an insect discovery might be considered news. However, it is unlikely that the general public would be interested in it. The fact that it was discovered could be a big story in a specialist publication.
In addition, a significant loss of life, such as the death of Mao Tse-tung, is news. It is also interesting to note that the death of Mao Tse-tung was not released to the world for several days.
Another type of news is exclusive stories. These are stories that are provided to the media organization first. They are usually a result of a competition between the publisher and advertisers.
The most prominent people are more likely to be featured in news reports. They lead public lives and are often the subjects of scandals. They can also lose money or fall from power.