News is a report of events that happen in the world or locally. They are often reported in bulletins and on the front pages of newspapers. They can also be shown on television and online. News usually aims to inform and educate readers on current events/newsworthy topics, and should not contain any biased opinion. It should be based on factual evidence and a range of sources.
Whether something is newsworthy depends on the impact, proximity, controversy, currency and prominence of the event/topic. Impact is how many people will be affected by the event. Proximity is how close to home the event is or how much it affects people from the local area. Controversy is a story that causes an emotional response in the public and may have a negative or positive effect. Currency is how much a story is talked about and how interesting it is to the audience. This could be due to its significance, shock factor or how well the story is presented.
Generally, crimes make news (road traffic offences, burglaries, robberies, murders, forgery and rape) but it is more unusual crimes that tend to grab headlines. Famous people’s actions, achievements and appearances are of interest to the public as do stories about their wealth, money troubles and relationships. Health is another topic of interest and includes traditional remedies, medical research, hospitals and clinics. Other subjects of news include the environment, sport and entertainment and sex (even though sex is not normally discussed openly). Exclusivity can also be important with the first or only publication of a particular piece of information being newsworthy.